Pre-course: Fluids, Electrolytes and Acid-Base Disorders

Tuesday 2 October 2018: 8:30 - 17:00

Course Director

  • Fernando SchiraldiItaly


  • Fernando SchiraldiItaly
  • Giovanna GuiottoItaly


The course could be of interest for nephrologists, emergency physicians, intensivists, anestesiologists and nurses in these specialties.

Course description

The course is based on the basics of applied physiopatology to explain the main acid-base and electrolytes clinical disturbances. The didactic strategy is aimed to actively involve the audience in making diagnosis on a huge number of "real life" clinical cases.

A small electronic library will be at the disposal of participants, so that they can copy some of the best papers about the subject on USB keys.

Learning objectives

To provide a simple  diagnostic approach and get the audience confident on the therapeutic priorities.

Proposed schedule

08:30 Introduction
08:45 Applied physiopathology of acid-base disorders: simple & mixed disorders, the expected compensation, diagnostic strategies, gaps vs BE
10:30 Brainstorming on simple disorders
11:00 Coffee Break
11:30 Interactive clinical cases discussion
12:15 The hypoxic patient : diagnostic secrets (P/F ratio, Alveolar-arterial gradients..) and interactive clinical cases discussion
13:15 Lunch Break
14:15 Metabolic microparameters useful in the monitoring of the critically ill patients: ScvO2, OER, PCO2 gradients, lactate trends interpretation
15:00 Therapeutic controversies 
15:30 Acute dyselectrolytemias (Na, K, Mg, Ca) and fluids disorders
16:30 Discussion
16:45 Final Overview & MCQ evaluation test
17:00 MCQ evaluation test